Using an analytical service OWM AIS for the control of illegal fishing - News
Using an analytical service OWM AIS for the control of illegal fishing
When the morning comes on and the goes astray
The men in the harbour prepare a new day
The fog in the distance still covers the sun
But that doesn’t matter there’s work to be done
The engine’s awaken one after one
As their boats leave their collars for another days run
And in minutes the harbour is silent and bare
As time keeps on turning they soon disappear
The Irish Descendants
According to the European Commission, countries who are active members of the market in fishing industry grant subsidies in amount of nearly USD 30bn per year, 60% of which actually support insecure, damaging or even illegal practices. Unbalanced subsidy policy leads to market distortion that is the main reason of continued poor management in fishing industry. It resulted in USD 83bn loss for the world economy as the World Bank reported in 2012.
Illegal, uncontrollable and unregulated fishing reduces fish resources and damages the marine habitat. Also it leads to false principles of the market competition, it brings unfair losses to law-abiding fishermen and thus weakens fish communities economically. This state of things in fishing industry takes its toll on economics of developing countries, where fishing is fundamental to the financial well-being of some its regions.
Nowadays there are established rules for fishing industry that are approved by the European Union, but implemented by the countries through their national authorities and regulatory agencies. However in order to ensure that the rules of the general policy for fishing industry are actually observed, specific management systems and technical tools are required.
Analytical service OWM AIS can serve as one of these tools.
Density maps clearly show areas of dense fishing on a time scale, while API based on AIS monitoring system provides diverse data, including information what country a particular vessel belongs to. This tool gives wide opportunities for detecting breaking of established rules, and then for tracing its repeated violations.
Measures such as blacklisting countries that allow illegal fishing and imposing penalties depending on value of fish catch on those who conduct illegal fishing throughout the globe can deprive violators of revenue, and thus making illegal fishing financially profitless.